Urban Sprawl


We have the best system that’s been working for billions of years,

Earth. (1)


To The Equation, I’m adding one billion people living in urban slums today, with another billion estimated to live in slums, doubling the amount of urban sprawlers, over the next 30 years. (2)



Investments in infrastructure for the 20 – 50 million urban area could become standard business planning. Areas with dry soil, could be irrigated with desalinated water from the Ocean using CETO for agriculture. Irrigation could therefore add value to otherwise impoverished land. The farmers would initially cover their own needs. When gradually gaining strength, production could increase, providing organic food for the Towns and the Core. Improving soil in the poor country could be done in a collaborative synergy between expanding urban areas, CETO, aviation and nanoFlowcell.

For example: Airlines are already reducing their CO2 emissions. (3) If the car industry would go over from oil to water, a global reduction of CO2 emissions would take place. This could improve the prospects for expansion of the airlines, assuming a growth in the tourism industry since more people earning money, could mean more holidays.

United for example could invest in CETO,
providing energy while irrigating soil for the farmers producing food and biofuel for the airline. (4) NanoFlowcell could also invest in CETO, if for example adjusted for the production of ionic liquid. (5)

The 15 + 20 year perspective with the pension fund as explained in The Share, could mean an investment in nanoFlowcell, CETO and United investing in Mumbai. (6) For the initial 15 years, the slums and farmers would be provided with water and sanitation, reducing the costs of urban sprawl, (7) along with investments for renewable electricity while producing crops for food and fuel. (8)

With a solid foundation provided, the following 20 years of investment could stimulate the consumers market in a growing population of income takers, allowing more families to buy cars, and go on holidays. This could also involve electronics and communication companies, offering free laptops, internet and education to the slum dwellers, while reaching a growing middle class in the Core and Towns. In exchange agreements with the local authorities, United, nanoFlowcell, CETO could reduce costs of energy production and urban sprawl.

With The Share, investors would create sustainable jobs locally, and growth for their companies. Leaving Mumbai with clean water and healthier population, in an airplane on biofuel, harvested locally.
Balanced with Earth’s Ecosystem in symbiosis with the growth of our population, in a Biodynamic society with equal right to happiness.

Good for all.


(1) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki

(2) www.unhabitat.org
Green building interventions for social housing, 2015.

(3) ‘United signed the first U.S. cost-competitive, commercial-scale agreement with AltAir Fuels to purchase 15 million gallons of aviation biofuel to be used on regularly scheduled flights beginning in 2014 from our LAX hub.’ United Eco-skies, alternative fuels.

(4) ‘Feedstocks are the largest contributor to cost and are the primary sustainability driver in biofuel production. Additionally, primary food crops have an economic advantage over many energy crops, helping to protect food supply. New feedstocks are expected to complement food crops, be used as rotational crops, or begin as waste streams.’
Findings and Recommendations 2013. www.masbi.org.

(5) ‘Ionic liquids are nontoxic and nonflammable,
with great advantages in mass production, logistics, storage and no need for high-level safety protocols.’ www.nanoflocell.com

(6) Mumbai, a Mega City with a projected population growth of 7 million from 2014 – 2030. www.unpopulation.org.

(7) ‘This sprawling pattern can double land used per housing unit,
increase the costs of providing utilities and public services by 10–30% or more. Sprawl also results in greater congestion, accident and air
pollution costs, locking in high levels of energy consumption.’ www.newclimateeconomy.report

(8) Findings and Recommendations 2013, www.masbi.org.
‘Current biofuel policy measures are often short term and don’t
address fundamental inequities in the treatment of fossil fuels and biofuels. Biofuels production relies on long-term capital-intensive investment. Government policy must complement this private investment by providing long-term, reliable market signals as the industry grows to commercial scale.’ ‘The fossil fuels industry has relied on and continues to receive government subsidies, policies, and support that foster growth. The aviation biofuels industry should be afforded similar opportunities for growth.’


The Share


On this International Workers’ Day,

I’m sharing my thoughts on how we could create work,

in a society including all.

With hopes to inspire,

Mikael Zych



The challenge is how we maintain the wonders of nature, allowing nature to support us with its Eco-system, demanding no governance, but proper planning with the use of already existing technology, invested proportionally in poor countries and in rich countries. (1)


The Mega ECO City with Ocean View, Gardens & Rancho. (2)

Three areas:

The Core, dense area on the coast, with a creative industry. Population 15 million.

The Towns, with a population of 300 000 people each, offering cheaper family housing in lovely garden surroundings.

The Rancho, with farming families, around two million people.


The Towns would be in a semi-circle around the Core. Instead of suburbs, cities in their own right. Each Town with an industry, providing service for its own population and for example catering, with produce from the Rancho. With no time during the week, living an intense life, catering serving ecological products would provide lovely meals for the working people in the compact Core. Fairtrade with the Farmers, making sure that the land is well taken care of, with irrigation from CETO, pumping Energy and desalinated Ocean water, in balance with the coastal industries.

Creative industry in the Core, catering from The Towns, tourism and healthcare for example, Farmers on the Rancho providing feedstock and safari, all independently dependent in a
Self-sustainable Eco-system.

With new population arriving, (3) instead of building suburbs, a new Centre would gradually develop between the Core and the Towns, with infrastructure for water and sanitation ready.

Integration with Shared wealth and equal happiness (4) as standard for all Citizens, where some with a little Land, Water and Cattle are equally happy as those with Ocean view apartment, boat and a creative job. Living in a Biodynamic society where people are no longer poor, and the right to happiness is equal, regardless of material possession. With renewable Energy, on a foundation based on Shared wealth, in balance with Earth’s Eco-system.


Ms. Kowalska’s Pension fund

Scenario: 1/3 of your capital invested into renewable infrastructure in the Core, 1/3 invested in the Towns and 1/3 invested in the Rancho. The investments would develop on a course of 15 + 20 + 50 years.

First period of 15 years: Development of Water and Sanitation with irrigation channels for the Rancho, with renewable Energy in the Core and the Towns. Second period of 20 years: Renewable Energy for the Rancho and development of the new city Centre. Third period: New projects on the foundation from the first and second periods.


Ms. Kowalska: ‘I don’t see how this is secure,

what if the country isn’t safe and developed?’


The bank would provide several options, those with lower risk would offer investments in Sustainable development in the home market. With such option, 2/3 of Ms. Kowalska’s money would be invested at home and 1/3 invested abroad.

Without the typical incomprehensible contract lingo and completely insecure and impossible to predict investment plans. Ms. Kowalska’s pension is safe, invested on a solid foundation, where taking care of the soil is part of a long term Sustainable investment.


We all need to eat and drink.

We always use electricity.

We always need water.



(1) As already mentioned in post 2, nanoFlowcell: http://www.nanoflowcell.com/en and CETO: http://www.carnegiewave.com/ceto-technology/what-is-ceto.html, would unleash the Sustainable development globally. The prospects for unlimited electricity and fresh water supply are great with technologies such as the CETO and the nanoFlowcell.

(2) A Mega City is one of 34 Urban areas with over 10 million population. http://www.demographia.com/db-worldua.pdf The addition ECO with Ocean View, Gardens & Rancho is only an example of how to develop a Mega City in a Sustainable way.

(3) Today, more than 7 billion people are living in the world, almost a tripling of the population in 1950. By the end of the century 11 billion people will live on Earth. http://data.unicef.org/gen2030/

(4) On the site http://www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org/ topics such as Life Satisfaction are measured, I think that’s great! ‘Life Satisfaction Happiness or subjective well-being can be measured in terms of life satisfaction, the presence of positive experiences and feelings, and the absence of negative experiences and feelings. Such measures, while subjective, are a useful complement to objective data to compare the quality of life across countries. Life satisfaction measures how people evaluate their life as a whole rather than their current feelings. It captures a reflective assessment of which life circumstances and conditions are important for subjective well-being.’



The Equation


‘Colombia has proposed to collaborate with Brasil and Venezuela in creating the world’s largest ecological corridor, spanning 1 350 000 km2 of rainforest’. (1)

The selected urban areas (2) and countries (3) below cover an area similar (4) with the suggested corridor in the Amazon. Together all these urban areas have a population equivalent (5) to the estimated population of entire India (6).

The World’s 34 Mega Cities (7) in ranking order.

Tokyo-Yokohama, Jakarta, Delhi DL-UP-HR, Manila, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai SHG-JS-ZJ, Karachi, Beijing, New York NY-NJ-CT, Guangzhou-Foshan, Sao Paulo, Mexico City, Mumbai, Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto, Moscow, Dhaka, Cairo, Los Angeles, Bangkok, Kolkata, Buenos Aires, Tehran, Istanbul, Lagos, Shenzhen, Rio de Janeiro, Kinshasa, Tianjin, Paris, Lima, Chengdu, London, Nagoya, Lahore.

AFRICA: Abidjan (Ivory Coast), Accra (Ghana), Addis Ababa (Ethiopia), Algiers, Antananarivo (Madagascar), Brazzaville (Republic of The Congo), Cape Verde, Cape Town, Casablanca, Dar es Salaam (Tanzania), Durban (South Africa) Freetown (Sierra Leone), Johannesburg-East Rand, Kampala (Uganda), Luanda (Angola), Mogadishu (Somalia), Mombasa (Kenya) Nairobi, Rwanda, Zanzibar.

AMERICA: Acapulco (Mexico), Austin (Texas USA), Bogota, Caracas (Venezuela), Dallas-Fort Worth (Texas USA), Detroit, Guatemala City, Kingston (Jamaica), La Paz (Bolivia), Manaus (Brasil), Memphis TN-MS-AR, Miami, Montevideo (Uruguay), New Orleans, Port-au-Prince, Salvador (Brasil), San Francisco-San Jose (California USA), San Jose (Costa Rica), Seattle, Vancouver.

ASIA: Bangalore, Bangladesh, Denpasar (Bali Indonesia), Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Irkutsk, (Siberia Russia), Kathmandu, Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia), Philippines, Phnom Penh, Samarkand (Uzbekistan), Singapore, Thimphu (Bhutan), Ulaanbaatar (Mongolia), Vientiane (Laos), Yangon (Myanmar).

CHINA: Chongqing, Dongguan, Hangzhou, Hong Kong, Kunming, Lhasa (Tibet), New Taipei City, Xi’an, Yichang.

EUROPE: Amsterdam, Athens (Greece), Barcelona, Belfast (Northern Ireland), Belgrade (Serbia), Bordeaux, Brussels (Belgium), Bucharest (Romania), Budapest, Copenhagen, Cyprus, Dublin (Ireland), Gdańsk (Poland), Geneva (Switzerland) Germany, Göteborg, Helsinki, Kaliningrad (Russia), Kiyev, Kraków, Liechtenstein, Lisboa, Madrid, Malmö (Sweden), Malta, Manchester, Milan, Nuuk (Greenland), Oslo, Prague (Czech Republic), Reykjavik (Iceland), Riga (Latvia), Rome, Sarajevo (Bosnia & Herzegovina), Stockholm, St. Petersburg, Tallinn (Estonia), Tbilisi (Georgia), Tirana (Albania), Vilnius (Lithuania), Warszawa (Poland), Zagreb.

MIDDLE EAST: Amman, Baghdad, Dubai, Gaza (Palestine), Jerusalem, Kuwait, Muscat (Oman), Tel Aviv.

OCEANIA: Auckland, Port Moresby (Papua New Guinea), Sydney.



The 1/100 Equation (8)


The suggested Amazon corridor is approximately half the area of India (9), covering around 1/100th of Earth’s land area (10). The urban areas and countries above have a population equivalent to India (11).
2030 we will be 1,2 billion more people. (12)


In theory the Amazon corridor could house a billion people.

With this logic only, it would make sense to cut down the forest,

and start producing homes for the new born.


The effect of this would be less rainforest producing clean oxygen,

and absorbing carbon dioxide from the air. (13)

The people would have land and housing,

with quality of life affected by the lower amount of clean oxygen,

and impoverished soil, reducing the growth of nutrition.


Area A (Amazon) = ½ of area B (India) = 1/100th of area C (Earth) = areas X + Y (selected urban areas and countries) + Amount A (population in areas X + Y) = Amount B (population in area B) = 1,2 billion more people in 2030 + 805 million people starving today. (14)


If we protect the Amazon,

what 1/100th of Earth’s land area should be used for the next billion,

and how should we develop land for the 7,3 billion (15) already here?

Is the answer to the equation building more Mega Cities?


Instead of cutting down the rainforest,

I suggest an introduction of a Global Rainforest Tax,

treating Oxygen like a product as any other natural resource,

starting with the Amazon.




There are two great inventions on the market ready today:


The nanoFlowcell powers cars, trucks, ships and homes

with Saltwater. Saltwater.

Free from pollution.


‘Named after a Greek sea goddess, CETO offers the potential to revolutionise power and water production globally. CETO harnesses the enormous renewable energy present in our ocean’s waves and converts it into two of the most valuable commodities underpinning the sustainable growth of the planet: zero-emission electricity and zero-emission desalinated water.’


A Change to a Saltwater powered ground and ocean fleet,

would unleash the sustainable development globally,

solving the equation.


I am very optimistic


Mikael Zych



(1) http://www.business-standard.com/article/news-ians/colombia-proposes-world-s-largest-eco-corridor-with-brazil-venezuela-115021500034_1.html

(2) Total land area selected urban areas km2: 166 200.
Demographia World Urban Areas: 11th Annual Edition:
2015.01 http://www.demographia.com/db-worldua.pdf

(3) Total land area selected countries km2: 1 183 366.

(4) Total land area selected urban areas and countries km2: 1 349 566 (ref. see note 2 and 3).

(5) Total population estimate selected urban areas and countries:
1 290 428 000.

Total population estimate selected urban areas: 891 997 000.
Demographia World Urban Areas: 11th Annual Edition: 2015.01

Total population estimate selected countries, 2015,
Medium variant: 398 431 000.

(6) Population estimate India, 2015, Constant fertility: 1 290 151 000.

(7) Urban areas with over 10 million population.

(8) Based on the approx. values in note: 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 12, 14, 15.

(9) India: 2 973 190 km2. The Amazon corridor:
1 350 000 km2 (ref. see note 1).

(10) Earth’s land area is: 149 million km2.
149 000 000 / 1 350 000 = 110.

(11) Ref. see note 5.

(12) World, 2015 and 2030, Medium variant.

(13) ‘Rainforests are vital to the hydrologic cycle (rain and water systems), and they maintain some of the world’s most fragile soils. By absorbing carbon dioxide from the air, storing the carbon and giving us fresh, clean oxygen, tropical forests act as the world’s thermostat, regulating temperatures and weather patterns.’

(14) http://cdn.wfp.org/2015/805millionnames/

(15) http://data.unicef.org/gen2030/